A little about how to insulate the ceiling in a country house and a bath
In order to ensure a favorablemicroclimate inside a private house, villa or additional buildings (for example, baths), and also save on heating (especially this is relevant for a countryside structure), floor and wall insulation is not enough. Therefore, many owners of private homes and villas are wondering how to insulate the ceiling.
Which material is better to use?
It is best to choose environmentally friendly andhighly flammable materials. So, professionals recommend to insulate the ceiling with clay, slag, clay with sawdust or mineral wool (in the form of slabs or rolls). The latter option is not only inexpensive, but also most suitable for these purposes.
Mineral wool is easy to install,fire safety and a high degree of thermal insulation. Before insulating the ceiling with this material, it is necessary to create a steam and waterproofing framework to protect the insulation layer from moisture and prevent its decay. The most suitable material for this is parchment.
Cut the waterproofing material withsmall allowances for hermetic attachment to the ceiling beams. After the vapor barrier layer is fixed, polystyrene foam is placed on top.
Foam plates are cut and installedsimilar to the pergamum, and small gaps between them are sealed with a mounting foam. Then another layer of glassine must be laid on the layer of this material. Such measures help to slightly increase the service life of the insulation, eliminating the need for frequent overhaul of the ceiling.
How to insulate the ceiling. Process description
After the creation of the waterproofing skeletonlay the heat-insulating layer. For a greater effect, mineral wool should be laid in two layers according to the principle of brickwork. In other words, the upper layers of the insulation must cover the joints of the lower layers. Then you can start laying wooden boards over mineral wool. They ensure the monolithic and integrity of the insulating layer, pressing all previously laid materials.
How to insulate the ceiling in a bath
The main conditions in this case are the preservation of the heat inSteam and prevention of condensation inside such a room. This, in fact, is the main difference between the insulation of the ceiling of the bathhouse, since in performing such work in a country house it is necessary that the air circulate more or less freely.
In addition, it is necessary to make sure that moisture does notfell into the attic. A ceiling made of fiberboard, plywood or plastic for a bath is not recommended. As condensation accumulates on the plastic, and the fiberboard and plywood are deformed when wet.
Before insulating the ceiling of the bath, firsta layer of vapor barrier material is laid. This can be a building polyethylene, thick cardboard or aluminum foil. Roofing felt and roofing paper for the bath are not suitable - at high temperatures, these materials release harmful substances and unpleasant odor.
The device of a ceiling in a bath without an atticIn addition to the vapor barrier, there is a thermal insulation (mineral wool, glass wool or perlite) and a rolling covering. As structural elements, there are beam beam and filed ceiling boards. If there is an attic, then a thin (1.5-2 cm) layer of clay coating is applied over the ceiling boards.
Than to warm a ceiling in a bath in this case? For thermal insulation, wood chips, soaked in cement mortar, are covered with a 15-17 cm layer. If this thickness is not enough, and condensation appears on the ceiling, the backfill layer needs to be increased.
Shield plates, to which the bottom is attachedceiling, should be based on the bars that are nailed to the side faces of the ceiling beams. The latter should be hermetically sealed into the brick wall so that warm air from the inside does not come into contact with cold sealing outside during the heating period, otherwise condensation will form, which leads to rotting of the tree.
So, the insulation of the ceiling in a country house or inbath - a task that can be solved even by the usual forces of one pair of skilful hands. However, it is better to instruct her specialists. This will save time and effort.