Adrenal Cancer or Adrenal Tumor
Adrenal glands are paired glands located in the upper edge of each of the kidneys. They produce hormones that release into the blood, maintain blood pressure and respond to stress.
Adrenal cancer refers to rare typesoncological diseases. In its majority, the tumor of the adrenal glands is benign, in particular, if the neoplasm is located in the outer layer of the glands. Such tumors are called adrenocortical tumors.
The two main types of adrenal tumor that develop from the medulla are:
- Pheochromocytoma is a very rare tumor, the incidence of this formation is about ten percent;
- Neuroblastoma is a type of malignant formation that occurs mainly in children.
Adrenal Cancer - Symptoms
The most prominent signs of the disease include Cushing's syndrome, which is characterized by the following manifestations:
- Weak muscles of the upper parts of the legs and hands;
- Strengthen the growth of hair on the body and face in women;
- Fat deposits in the trunk region, especially in the neck;
- Skin thinness.
It is also often accompanied by the development of diabetes.
This symptomatology can be seen asbenign form of adrenal cancer, and malignant. In any case, when identifying such phenomena, it is necessary to immediately seek help from a doctor.
Since pheochrocytoma produces substances that affect blood pressure and respond to stress, it can manifest itself in a variety of symptoms, in particular:
- Sharp mood swings;
- Constant thirst;
- Intensive sweating;
- Increased heart rate;
- Tingling in the chest;
- Frequent urge to urinate.
Such cancers are more common among middle-aged people.
Adrenal Cancer - Causes
The age factor. As a rule, adrenal cancer is most often detected in children, or in people reaching the mark of 40-50 years.
Endocrine multiple tumors - may beinherited. They lead to the risk of developing cancers in the pancreas and parathyroid gland, as well as in the pituitary gland. Some patients may also develop an oncology of the adrenal cortex, which usually occurs asymptomatically.
However, the cancer of the adrenal cortex in mostcases is not inherited. The Lee-Fraumeni syndrome refers to rare events when the risk of adrenal cancer, prostate cancer and breast cancer increases.
On the development of oncology, the adrenal cortex is not affectedenvironmental factors, lifestyle, bad habits, which have a significant effect in the manifestations of other different forms of cancer.
Adrenal Cancer - Diagnosis
- Blood tests (biochemical, measurement of estrogen and testosterone levels);
- Collection of anamnesis of the patient and physiological examination - allow to learn about the general condition of the patient, the presence of seals and lymph node enlargement;
- Urinalysis - is conducted to determine the extent of 17-ketosteroids and cortisol in a 24-hour urine collection. A rise in the hormonal level may indicate the presence of adrenal cancer;
- CT (Computed Tomography) - X-ray study, which consists in creating three-dimensional images of the patient's internal organs, which are displayed on the computer screen;
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) - methoddiagnostics at which the computer and magnetic fields are applied. This helps doctors get a clearer image of organs and tissues. If an adrenal cancer is suspected, MRI of the abdominal cavity is done;
- Angiography of the adrenal glands - methodX-ray examination of blood vessels, which are located near the adrenal glands. It is the introduction of contrast substances into the adrenal arteries. To be spent, with the purpose to find out, whether there are disturbances in work of a hemopoietic system;
- PET (Positron Emission Tomography) -determines the degree of cancer metastasis. In this procedure, the glucose solution is injected into the patient's vein. Glucose molecules are labeled with a radioactive label, so their movement along the bloodstream is monitored by a PET scanner. Rotating around the patient's body, he takes pictures. Due to the fact that cancer cells absorb glucose molecules faster than normal cells, their visibility in images is more distinct.
Treatment of adrenal cancer in Israel
In adrenal cancer,surgical methods of treatment. Given the fact that the adrenal gland is small, besides being inaccessible place, after surgery there are large scars. In some specialized medical centers, for example, in , to avoid this unpleasant factor,a laparoscopic operation is performed. In this surgery, the scar is virtually invisible, since manipulations are carried out by means of small punctures in the abdominal cavity.
With pheochromocytoma, the hormones produced by the tumor must be constantly monitored before and after the operation, and also during normalization after resection of the formation.
When , in particular adrenal cancer, the predictions are optimistic and most patients are completely cured and return to normal life.