Cleaning clogged sinks at home
All shells are prone to clogging. The frequency of cleaning depends on compliance with the rules of operation, technological problems and clogging substances. According to the average, the sink in the kitchen is clogged more often due to ingress of fats and food debris.
You can clean the drain in different ways. Among them are folk remedies and household chemicals, appliances for domestic and professional use. Methods to eliminate blockages at home depend on the causes of their occurrence.
Causes of blockages
Clogging and odor are formed for the following reasons:
- Mechanical - something stuck inside the drain system (one large object or a large amount of small debris).
- Operational - the drain has not been cleaned for a long time and deposits have been formed on its walls that prevent the free passage of fluid.
- Technological - damage, clamping pipes, etc.
Mechanical blockages are the most common, since sink sinks are not designed for garbage. They are characterized by the sudden onset and complete blockage of the system.Operational occur in the form of decreasing power drainage of sewage.
Technological reasons are felt immediately after the start of operation. But sometimes technical flaws appear after a short period of time. It is possible to get rid of blockages in such cases after elimination of defects
It is sometimes difficult to establish the exact cause of the blockage. It can be the result of several reasons simultaneously. In this case, it is necessary to apply different methods in turn. First, pour a boiling water pot (in the presence of metal pipes) into the sink or open hot water for 20 minutes (if the pipes are plastic). If this does not work, use other means.
Safety in the work
Before starting work, take precautions. Use household chemicals and some folk remedies (acetic acid, etc.) should be in thick rubber gloves. Use vinegar essence, which can cause burns. When using household chemicals, study and follow the manufacturer's instructions.
Avoid contact with eyes and clothing of harmful substances.Means containing chlorine, in addition to the negative impact on the skin and mucous membranes, leave stains on clothes. For persons with allergies, it is advisable to use respirators or masks when using household chemicals or acids. It is required to air the room.
Effective folk methods of removing blockages
Folk methods differ in availability and high efficiency. They can be used independently, without attracting plumbers. Despite the presence of a large number of household chemicals, traditional methods will always be relevant.
Soda and Vinegar
Baking soda and vinegar can be found in any kitchen. To use the national method, you do not need to spend extra money. Soda and vinegar occupy the second place in the effectiveness of removing blockages in the sink after the plunger. Combined use enhances their action.
Pour the soda into the drain hole and fill with vinegar 1: 1. During the reaction, a large amount of foam is formed, which boils for several minutes with the release of gas with a specific smell (close the hole with a stopper). After 20-30 minutes turn on the hot water under pressure. If necessary, repeat the procedure.
Soda is used to cleanse with hot water. It is necessary to fill in half a pack of soda with 10 liters of water, the temperature of 70 degrees. After it is desirable to apply a plunger.
Citric and oxalic acids
Citric acid is also found in every kitchen. It is a mild and non-toxic agent to combat blockages, limescale and rust. Due to its less aggressiveness, citric acid is inferior in cleaning properties to vinegar. To eliminate the problem, it is poured into a drain (at least 2 bags), poured with a small amount of warm water and left overnight.
Oxalic acid is a potent agent compared to citric acid. It is used to remove limescale and rust from plumbing and urinary stone from toilet bowls. To eliminate blockages of organic origin in the shell, oxalic acid is used in the same way as citric acid.
Put two tablets of the drug in the drain hole and pour a glass of table vinegar (9%). This method helps with minor blockages in the siphon. The unpleasant smell is eliminated.
Other folk methods
Chlorine in any form ("White", etc.p.) can be used to remove blockage. Pour the product into the drain hole and leave overnight.
An effective way to clean a siphon is to remove it and remove trash. This does not require special tools. The problem is the presence of a large amount of dirt and an unpleasant smell, so this job is not for squeamish. Before removing the siphon put a bucket under it.
Mechanical cleaning methods
Consider mechanical cleaning with popular gadgets.
A simple means to eliminate blockages in the sink is a plunger. Its advantages are:
- Availability (inexpensive).
- Versatility (can be used in sinks, bathrooms and toilet bowls).
- Functionality (eliminates most problems).
- The possibility of long-term operation at no extra cost (quality products last forever).
- Ease of use (only physical strength is used, no need to connect to an energy source).
By purchasing it, you can save on calls plumbing. Disadvantages:
- Low efficiency at operational and technological reasons for blockage.
- Does not cope completely with a strong blockage.
- It is necessary to actively use physical strength, sometimes for a long time.
How to use: pour water into the sink, attach the plunger to the drain hole, press it vigorously several times.
Blower Vacuum Cleaner
If the house has a vacuum cleaner with a blow function, you can use it. It is necessary to fix the tube of the vacuum cleaner in the drain hole, laying the gaps around the rags, then turn on the vacuum cleaner in the blowing mode for a few minutes.
To clean the blockage, a special ruff is used, with which you can pull garbage out of the siphon without parsing it. The ruff is inserted through the drain hole and fills the garbage with its mechanism. The device has a magnet in it that removes metal objects from the pipes.
The cable can be bought for self-use or call the plumber with him. The fixture removes blockages deep in the pipes. The longer the cable, the greater the chance of getting to the point of clogging. This method is especially effective for mechanical blockages. The cable is inserted into the pipe and wound into it to the desired location by scrolling with the handle.
Hydraulic pump - professional equipment plumbers. Eliminates blockages with high pressure water flow. The method is effective and environmentally friendly. The disadvantage is the high cost.
Popular household chemicals - examples and instructions
You can use household chemicals to clean the sink drain. Liquid preparations are more effective than powdered. When applying them, there is no need to disassemble the siphon. Household chemicals out of the box is ready for use and does not require special training.
- "Mole". The most common remedy. It happens in a liquid, gel and dry form (granules). Advantages, in the rapid elimination of blockages and budget price. The main disadvantage is harmful composition. How to use: pour (pour and pour a small amount of water) into the drain hole for 15 minutes - 1.5 hours.
- "Tiret" ("Tiret"). It has a lot in common with the Mole, but it costs more. When applying, you must first pour the product, and then pour boiling water slowly (5-6 glasses). When action is a violent reaction. Applicable only to metal pipes.
Eliminating unpleasant smell from the sink
There are two most common causes of unpleasant smell from the sink.
- The smell from the sink may appear due to improper installation of the drain pipe (no U or S-shaped bend). In this case, you need to eliminate the error.
- Offensive odor is a consequence of blockage. Resolving the problem should fix the situation.
Useful tips and prevention
Observe the rules for operating the drain system and prevent debris from entering it. The appearance of a blockage can be prevented by installing an additional mesh in the sink, which needs to be cleaned after washing dishes. Periodically you need to remove the siphon and clean it from waste and sediment.
For the prevention of lime and rust, the sink should be regularly treated with soda, citric or sorrel acid, as well as appropriate household chemicals. For these purposes, the tool is applied to the problem area and left for a while to loosen the plaque. Household chemicals act faster than folk methods.
Eliminating blockages is quite effective at home, if you use proven methods.However, it is better to prevent the occurrence of a problem using simple tricks. A proven prevention tool is to install an additional mesh on the drain hole. In addition, all households need to be accustomed to proper management of sewage.