House-Museum "Stalin's Dacha" in Sochi
The figure of Stalin causes contradictory feelings andemotions not only in the post-Soviet space, but also in the world. The interest in his person of those who are concerned and worried about the world, Russian history and politics, not only does not weaken with time, but even with the current geopolitical changes even growing. Last but not least, this interest is fueled by the fact that not all information about his life and death for the purposes of state security has been made public.
Now, when it became possible to open the archives andto rethink the tragic and great events that took place at that time, many stories, studies, works, live debates, documentary and feature films and books about Stalin appeared. Thanks to this interest, museums, in which expositions dedicated to the leader of all nations are presented, received a large influx of visitors. One of the most popular museums is the Sochi house-museum "Stalin's Dacha", located among the magnificent nature of the sanatorium "Green Grove".
History of the museum
The famous dacha of Stalin in Sochi, surrounded byThe Matsesta valley on the one hand and the picturesque Agur canyon on the other, is only 5 kilometers away from the center of Sochi and 12 kilometers from the local airport. It occupies 50 hectares of the territory of the Sochi National Park.
In pre-revolutionary times this place was calledMikhailovsky estate and belonged to a wealthy industrialist Zenzinov. After the revolution, a sanatorium was opened in a nationalized building, preserving the buildings themselves and the interior, as they were. The former estate is surrounded by deciduous trees, famous Pitsunda cedars, palm trees and flower beds.
In the 30-40's. political leaders and heads of various states rested here, enjoying the splendor of nature, curative springs and high altitude air, creating as a result of mixing several air streams a unique microclimate.
Stalin himself gave the order to found for himselfa country residence in the "Green Grove", which was done in 1937. The residence of the leader in Sochi, as well as many other political dachas, was designed by the architect Merzhanov. The only indication was the refusal of the fountains. Most often, Joseph Vissarionovich joined the family, which usually spends the summer here, only in the fall.
Nowadays Stalin's dacha in Sochi has been transformed into a hotel that has preserved the entire entourage of the Soviet Stalinist Empire.
Appearance and interior decoration of the villa is notwere subject to change and return guests straight to the 30s of the XX century. The discreet, gray-green façade immediately makes it clear about the modest personal needs and unpretentiousness of the former legendary formidable leader of a great power. Surprisingly, the paint on the facade since those times has not flown around and not burnt out.
All internal premises were left with their ownthe original finish of precious wood. Under the ceilings were placed the original chandeliers that shone on the first owner. You can see the sofa of Stalin, which was made for his special order, as well as a fireplace. On the table of the leader remained a written instrument of silver, a gift from Mao Zedong.
Parquet, on which the leader walked, does not creak andnow, there are no trace of time on it. But not only the decoration was preserved by Stalin's dacha in Sochi. Photos from personal archives, books, furniture, carpets and much more remain the same as during the life of the leader.
In the country there is a swimming pool with sea water, whichused Stalin, and a movie theater, where he was entertained by watching movies. There is also a favorite leather sofa, stuffed with horsehair. They say that such a stuffing can stop even a flying bullet.
In the building on the ground floor there is a museum, whereyou can see the wax figure of Stalin dressed in a uniform and sitting at his desk with a pipe in his hand. Caretakers tell visitors terrible stories about how the ghost of the leader strolls at night through his possessions.
The staff of the museum-dacha of Stalin developed several routes, any of which may interest something special.
During such excursion it is possible to learn interestingdetails of Stalin's life during the rest in the south, see firsthand the real rooms of his son Vasily and daughter Svetlana, go up to the second floor and inspect the beautiful fireplace room in which dinners were given. In the building next door there is a billiard room and a cinema hall (as you know, Stalin was very fond of watching movies).
At the disposal of the leader was prepared 18 residences in different parts of the country. The most favorite was a dacha in the Moscow suburbs, and the second place was firmly occupied by Stalin's dacha in Sochi, in the "Green Grove".
The territory of the sanatorium is not only a hotel andhouse-museum "Stalin's Dacha" in Sochi, but everything that can be useful for high-quality and interesting recreation: swimming pool, billiards, cinema, restaurant, the menu features Georgian cuisine, which Stalin himself preferred to order, and his favorite wine "Khvanchkara."
Near the cottage waiting for the guests, "Stalin's Glade", where there is a picnic complex. All tourists from this complex rely on their own beach at the hotel.
Conditions for visiting the museum
You can visit the house museum only withguide who, when examining all the premises of the house, will tell a large number of interesting facts and details about the life and way of life of Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin and his entourage.
Excursions exclusively group. The cost of the guide 300 rubles. The entrance ticket costs 150 rubles per person. For the opportunity to take pictures in the house you need to pay 60 rubles.
"Stalin's Dacha" in Sochi is waiting for visitors daily,from 9:30 to 18:00 without breaks. Visiting the museum is one of the most popular Sochi excursions, therefore it is better to book a ticket in advance.
House-Museum "Stalin's Dacha" in Sochi: how to get there
Museum address: Krasnodar Region, Sochi city, Khostinsky district, Kurortny prospect, house number 120.
Focus on the "Sputnik" stop, before reachingto Matsesta, if you plan to visit the museum "Stalin's Dacha" by car. Sochi also offers a bus route, which in about 10 minutes will take you to the stop "Green Grove".