How to sew a women's T-shirt: pattern and product processing
Sewing clothes is very entertaining andA good way to save on buying things. For example, a female T-shirt. The pattern is very simple in construction, the fabric needs a maximum of one and a half meters, the process will take only a couple of hours, and the product will be several times cheaper than in the store.
Materials and Tools
T-shirts are suitable stretchableKnitted fabrics, such as stretch, coulir, interlock, ribbon, butter, jersey. Unlike linen weaving, knitted fabric does not crumble on slices. This makes it possible to sew things without an overlock using only the straight line of the sewing machine.
For sewing the usual thread number 40 is suitable. The needle for the machine should be selected according to the fabric. So, it must necessarily be for jersey. The thinner the canvas, the thinner the needle. This will prevent the rupture of the web strands when piercing.
Drawing of the workpiece base
The most difficult thing in the design of a women's T-shirt issleeve and armhole. In order to properly build them, you need not be too lazy to make a piece of paper. There is nothing complicated in the drawing. The pattern of a female T-shirt from knitwear is good because it does not have a tuck of a breast. This greatly facilitates the construction of the workpiece drawing.
Take measurements: volume of the chest, waist, hips, width of the back. To get out the pattern of the female T-shirt of the adjacent silhouette, it is necessary to take away from these measures at once 2-3 cm and work with the obtained values. Also, you need the length of the product and the length of the back to the waist.
On paper, a rectangle is built, where one side is the length of the product, and the second - ½ the volume of the breast.
At the height of the chest lay a line. It will determine the depth of the armhole.
On the resulting horizontal measure ½ of the width of the back and put a point - this is the back zone.
Next, calculate the area of the armhole: ½ of the breast volume is divided by 4 and +2 cm.
From the two points obtained, the perpendiculars are raised. Thus, the drawing shows the back, armholes and transmission zones.
The projima is vertically divided in half and is carried vertically through the entire rectangle.
The waistline is determined according to the "back to waist height" measurement. Below her 20 cm have a line of thighs.
On the thigh and waist line measure ¼ of the hips and respectively ¼ of the waist from both vertical sides of the rectangle.
Next on the pattern of women's T-shirt from the topThe corners of the rectangle draw a neck for the back and for the transfer. First determine the points at a distance of ¼ measure of neck circumference. When the shoulder sections are drawn, the throat is deepened to the desired size. Here it is necessary to take into account the variant of processing the neck and, if necessary, leave the allowance for bending.
Construction of an armhole
Often newcomers get stuck in the designvtachnoj sleeves. And in most cases it looks taut and incorrectly sewn for the simple reason that the armhole and the pellet of the sleeve itself were incorrectly constructed. The whole process of design begins with the construction of shoulder sections.
From the initial points, the necks rise 1.5 cmon the front and 2.5 cm on the back and put a dot. Vertically measure the width of the shoulder and put a point 1 cm below the line. The obtained points are joined, obtaining shoulder sections for the back and the shelf.
On the verticals defining the zone of the armhole, 1/3 of these perpendiculars are measured from the chest line.
A smooth line draws a round neck on the back and forward, starting from the extreme point of the shoulder, through 1/3 of the perpendicular height to the middle of the armhole zone along the chest line.
After all the constructions, a ready drawing is receivedpatterns of women's t-shirts. For beginners, it will be superfluous to have the same step-by-step guide for constructing a sleeve. It is best to build it directly on the armhole. Then it will fit exactly, without flaws.
For the drawing, you will need to measure the volume of the tophand pieces and sleeve length. All the lines are put on top of the ready-made drawing and the backrest. Therefore, the workpiece details will need to be copied in order to obtain three parts of the cut.
The line of the breast has a segment equal to the width of the arm so that the midpoint of the armhole is located in the middle of the segment.
Taking as a basis the rounded lower part of the armhole, build a circle. On the top of it, we finish drawing the pellets, lifting it 1 cm from the boundary of the circle.
Further smoothly outline the entire rounding, starting fromthe left point of the arm width segment through the 1/3 point of the perpendicular height of the armhole area and the increased upper boundary of the circle. The line is mirrored on the second side of the pellet sleeve.
From the highest point of the pellet measure the length of the sleeve and draw its lower border. Next, a middle slice is drawn on both sides.
Assembling and processing
Construct a pattern of women's T-shirt with a sleeve -it's half the battle. It is equally important to carefully collect all the details. Begin to sew parts from the shoulder seams. Then sew up the sleeves and close the side sections. It remains to handle the neck and tuck the bottom of the sleeves and shelves. The easiest way to decorate a beautiful throat is to turn inside out 1-1.5 cm of the cut and adjust it. But this option is suitable for a well-stretchable cloth. In other cases it can be a slanting bike or an elastic band.