How to use the laser for acne - removal, treatment
Jul 10, 2018
Acne removal by laser is the most modern and popular method in the arsenal of specialized beauty centers. Laser technology is considered absolutely safe and gentle, because after the procedure the skin is restored in a short time, and the risk of complications is practically reduced to zero.
Acne, painful acne is a serious problem that manifests itself not only in adolescence, but it can also poison the life of a fully formed adult person for a long time. Professional cosmetologists can offer a wide range of medicines and salon procedures that can improve the condition of the problem skin.
Among them, acne treatment by laser is considered the most popular technique, since in a short time it allows to cleanse the face of rashes and permanently maintain a stable, positive result. Let us dwell in more detail on the principle of laser action, its advantages and learn about the features of the procedure.
- 1 Why do pimples appear?
- 2 How does the laser work?
- 3 Laser types
- 4 Indications
- 5 Contraindications
- 6 Advantages of acne treatment with laser
- 7 Price
- 8 Reviews about acne removal by laser
Why do acne appear?
The appearance of acne on the face provokes a lot of reasons. These are inaccuracies in skin care, disruption of the sebaceous glands, hormonal failure, diseases of the endocrine, digestive system and other internal problems. If a bad skin condition is associated with chronic diseases and other pathologies of the body, then first of all you need to deal with their treatment. Without eliminating the underlying cause, any procedures aimed at cleansing the skin of acne will be useless and rashes will appear again in a short time.
In cases where the appearance of acne is associated with a violation of the sebaceous glands, an adequate treatment with drugs and other techniques aimed at skin cleansing will help to get rid of the problem. If the glands work incorrectly, intensive development of a viscous secretion takes place, which clogs the pores and, mixing with the dead skin scales, forms sebaceous plugs.
In them, pathogenic microorganisms start to multiply for which the sebaceous secret is an excellent nutrient medium. Active vital activity of pathogenic microflora provokes the development of inflammatory processes and promotes the formation of acne, pustules and acne on the skin. The severity of the acne is usually divided into:
- Light form, when there is a small amount of vysypnyh elements on the skin( up to 10 pieces).
- The average shape in which the number of inflamed elements reaches 40.
- A severe form in which large areas are affected and more than 40 inflamed acne appears on the skin.
Acne treatment with laser is effective at any stage of the inflammatory process, since it helps to eliminate sebaceous plugs, destroy pathogenic bacteria and stop the inflammatory process. With this procedure, you can normalize the functions of the sebaceous glands, release the ducts and cleanse the face of acne.
How does the laser work?
The principle of the laser is based on direct action on the lesion, while the laser beam passes under the skin at the level of sebaceous glands, destroying the pathogenic microflora with a series of short-term thermal impulses. In fact, the laser burns dead cells, removing the surface layer of the skin along with the defects present on it, and simultaneously exerts an irritating effect on the tissues, activating the regeneration processes in the renewed skin layer. The laser beam has a powerful bactericidal action, it disinfects the skin and destroys pathogens.
Thermal action of the laser beam partially destroys the cells lining the ducts of the sebaceous glands. This reduces the production of sebum and blocks the processes leading to the formation of acne. Under the action of the laser microcirculation improves blood, leukocytes come into the zone of acne eruptions, which effectively suppress the inflammatory process. As a result, the sebaceous ducts are cleared, the pores become narrower, the relief of the skin is smoothed, scars and spots from acne are eliminated, irritation disappears, and the dermis is fully healed.
The course of treatment and the number of procedures depends on the degree of severity of acne and is selected by a physician-cosmetologist on an individual basis.
Types of laser
For many patients, laser treatment of acne is the only alternative, since all other methods of therapy do not give the desired effect. To eliminate acne, laser devices operating in the infrared or ultraviolet range are used. Hot or cold laser peeling helps with the cosmetic problem, while using a variety of chemical elements. The most common methods are erbium and fractional laser peeling.
The latest development in this field is a new generation device - a neodymium laser. It is improved in such a way that its use guarantees the absence of side effects( redness and irritation of the skin).
The principle of the erbium laser is to remove the surface layer of the skin by vaporization( evaporation), resulting in the healing and renewal of the skin. Erbium laser does not penetrate the depth of the epidermis, but works on the surface, improving the structure of the dermis and activating the collagen synthesis process. As a result, the skin turgor raises, the relief is leveled, wrinkles are smoothed, eruptions are eliminated, scars and post acne disappear.
Fractional laser peeling is based on monochrome light radiation, when waves of the same length selectively heat certain areas of the skin in the foci of inflammation. As a result, certain words evaporate, ensuring the removal of acne and acne. The high accuracy of laser installations provides the necessary control over the depth and intensity of the impact. The depth of penetration of the laser beam will depend on the degree of skin lesions, so the peeling can be superficial, median or deep. The first two options are performed with local anesthesia, deep peeling requires a serious approach and is carried out under general anesthesia.
The duration of the procedure depends on the severity of the lesion and can take from 15 to 30 minutes. With mild acne, 2 to 3 sessions are sufficient, in severe cases, up to 5 procedures may be required.
Indications for laser treatment are the following conditions:
- Acne, acne, comedones
- Removal of scars, scars and other manifestations of the
- Correction of the sebaceous glands
- Elimination of pigmentation and inflammation of the skin
- Removal of moles, warts, stretch marks, postoperativeScars
You can not remove acne with a laser in all cases, because there are a number of contraindications to this procedure. Laser treatment is prohibited in the following cases:
- Autoimmune, cardiovascular and oncological diseases
- Damage to the skin( including after chemical peeling)
- Viral, bacterial and purulent infections
- Blood clotting disorder
- Diabetes mellitus
- Propensity to form keloidScars
- Presence of birthmarks, moles, fresh sunburn at the treatment site
- Exacerbation of skin diseases, psoriasis
- Some medications, nepenosimost
- anesthetics during pregnancy and breast-feeding
The list of contraindications to the procedure is quite impressive. Therefore, a specialist should make the decision to perform laser treatment after necessary examination and detection of contraindications. If there are no obstacles to the procedure, you need to follow all the doctor's recommendations and prepare correctly for the removal of acne.
Preliminary preparation of
There are several basic rules that a patient must observe during preparation for the procedure:
- One week before the laser therapy session, one should avoid sunburn and try to stay in the sun as little as possible.
- When leaving the street, apply on the face of the cream with a high degree of protection against ultraviolet rays.
- Before the procedure, it is not recommended to visit the sauna, sauna or solarium.
How is the procedure performed?
Laser acne removal is begun after skin preparation. To do this, the face is cleaned with a soft gel and treated with soothing lotion. Then the doctor conducts a procedure for local anesthesia, which involves applying an anesthetic cream. After the composition acts, it is removed from the face, the skin is rubbed with lotion and proceeds directly to the procedure.
The doctor puts on protective goggles and begins treatment of the problem zone with the apparatus from which the laser radiation stream comes. In this case, the cosmetologist tracks the depth of penetration of the beam and strictly monitors the exposure time with the help of special devices. Depending on the type of skin and the desired result, a specialist can monitor the power of the energy flow, the nature of the pulse and the size of the laser beam. During the session, the patient may feel a slight tingling sensation on the skin. After the end of manipulation, the person is treated with soothing compounds or makes special lotions.
In the first hours after treatment, swelling and redness of the skin are observed. These phenomena pass through 2 days after the procedure. At this time, you should follow the recommendations of a cosmetologist and apply special moisturizers and compositions that stimulate accelerated skin regeneration. The face must be protected from direct sunlight and cold air. Before going out on the skin, sunscreen should be applied to the skin.
Within a week after the procedure, you should stop using decorative cosmetics, you can not take hot baths, visit a sauna or a sauna. In general, the recovery period takes from 3 to 7 days, after which you can return to the usual way of life.
In rare cases, complications may occur in the form of soreness, peeling, darkening or inflammation of the skin. Such manifestations are associated with violations of the doctor's recommendations and insufficient protection of the epidermis from the influence of external factors.
In some cases, spotted hemorrhages are noted on the skin if the laser beam touches small blood vessels. This condition soon passes by itself. Sometimes as a result of thermal burn on the surface of the skin remain vesicles and erosion, for the elimination of which will require special care. Another complication is the so-called gauze effect, when an accumulation of atrophic scars is observed on the treated area. Such manifestations are the result of improper adjustment of the device, therefore the procedure should be trusted only by experienced and qualified specialists.
In general, the method has proved to be one of the most effective and safe, since it has a short recovery period and minimal risk of complications.
The advantages of acne laser treatment
Laser treatment of acne has a number of significant advantages:
- With this technique, both matured and hidden subcutaneous pimples are eliminated, which was made possible by the destruction of the mechanism of acne formation at the cellular level.
- The point effect of directional laser radiation allows to act directly on the inflammation center, without touching the surrounding tissues.
- After the procedure, the activity of the sebaceous gland decreases, the clogged pores are cleared, and the process of development of acne ruptures stops.
- Under the influence of the laser, collagen synthesis is activated, skin elasticity is increased, the scars are smoothed, the skin acquires a healthy and blossoming appearance.
- The penetration depth of the laser into the skin layers is adjusted individually, so the probability of a thermal burn is minimal.
- The laser procedure is distinguished by a high degree of sterility, since the radiation has a powerful bactericidal effect.
- The procedure does not cause an intoxication of the body and is much more effective than treatment with medicines.
- The laser can be used at any age, the rehabilitation period is short, it passes easily and only a few days after the session the patient returns to normal life.
The only drawback of this method is patients consider high cost, as a result of which the laser treatment procedure is not available to everyone. The final cost of treatment depends on the number of procedures, the level of the clinic, the doctor's qualifications, the type of the procedure chosen and the type of equipment used.
Average prices for laser acne treatment range from 12,000 to 26,000 rubles. This cost of treatment is considered justified, since the use of laser technology is one of the few methods that not only fundamentally eliminate the existing problem, but also minimize its consequences and provide a lasting, lasting result.
Reviews on the removal of acne by laser
After trying on a bunch of medicines designed to treat acne and not having achieved a visible result, I decided to turn to modern technologies. After the examination, the cosmetician recommended a laser procedure and promised that after two sessions the face will be completely cleansed.
I have quite a lot of acne, inflammation on the face is present all the time, but the pimples are not purulent, they look like red nodules. The procedure did not take much time, lasted only 15 minutes, there were no unpleasant sensations, as the skin was treated with an anesthetic cream. After the session, the face turned red and swollen, the next day on the spot of acne appeared dry crust. About 5 days was restored, then went to the second procedure, which also was successful.
As a result, the person is now clean, of the shortcomings I can name irritation on the skin and swelling, which did not pass as fast as I would like. And the high cost of treatment, for two procedures had to pay 8,000 rubles.
Review No. 2
I recently underwent acne laser treatment. On the face I had quite a lot of acne, including subcutaneous, which for a long time ripened and was very painful. The cosmetologist advised to take a course of three procedures. Each procedure cost 3,000 rubles. Between them they took a break for 7 days to restore and heal the skin.
The first procedure was very painful, even despite local anesthesia. Very unpleasant sensations experienced when the beautician burned inflamed pimples. After the procedure, the face turned red and almost burned until evening, the skin was irritated and swollen. After 2 days the inflammation began to subside and gradually everything returned to normal.
Subsequent sessions were given to me much easier. During the recovery period I used an intensive moisturizer, because my face was strongly flaky. Now I can evaluate the result and I want to say that the skin has become clean, looks healthy and well-groomed, acne and inflammatory phenomena have disappeared. I hope that forever.
Martha, St. Petersburg
Suffered from multiple rashes on the face, and therefore decided on a laser procedure. The procedures are expensive, and how it turned out to be very painful, although the doctor promised that I would only feel a slight tingling sensation. Total withstood 2 sessions, could no longer.
The skin after the ball procedure is very red and inflamed, the face is literally covered with a crust left on the spot of acne. The condition of the skin after the treatment improved, but for a short while, after two months the acne recovered again. Now the doctor says that you need to undergo a comprehensive examination, because the cause of acne can be internal problems. I think, with this and it was necessary to start treatment, and not immediately advise an expensive laser procedure.