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What are stereotypes and how are they formed?
Labeling, trying to judge others by first impression or stereotyping is the most losing tactic that can be in building honest and happy human relationships. But where do stereotypes come from, which operate not only with individual people, and sometimes with the whole world? How is it that stereotypical ideas about others replace the desire to accept them as they are? Sometimes it will turn out unconsciously.
Labeling, trying to judge others by first impression or stereotype is the most losing tactic that can be in building honest and happy human relationships.But where do stereotypes come from, which operate not only with individual people, and sometimes with the whole world?How is it that stereotypical ideas about others replace the desire to accept them as they are? Sometimes it will turn out unconsciously.
Stereotypes are limitations.Consciously ignoring the diversity of the world for the sake of its perception.
Throughout life, we meet a lot of people. But how many people on this list can we say that we truly know their personal characteristics and character traits, understand motives and desires, dreams and aspirations?
The whole image that develops in our consciousness about a particular person is often just a set of superficial impressions, which we evaluate subjectively, based on our experience, adding a significant proportion of fantasies, because without receiving all the information, wefill in the gaps of knowledge about other people yourself. This is how images are created, characters in the plot of life, which, in our view, may not play the role that they assign for themselves.
Life is a story: long and short, those that happen one morning after breakfast or last until we are alive.Some of them are subjects in which we are only outside observers: these are books, movies, TV shows.
Their creators know that a strong, interesting character does not have to be truthful., vital, it is enough for him to possess a number of qualities that will distinguish him among others.They should be his calling card, and all others simply should not divert to the share of the viewer's or reader's attention. The past of the character is what made him present, the future is what he should come to in the final.
Simple, straightforward, though seasoned with unique features, without which the hero would be too bland.The main difference between real people and film characters and books is that they do not exist in such a flat space, not even in three-dimensional, but in a complex coordinate systemwhere they are both the main characters and secondary, the saviors of one world and the destroyers of another. And the motives that impel to action are much more than one plot is able to prescribe.
Butthe habit of thinking "plot" does not go anywhere. We notice only the main features of a person, as if he were a character, allocate a certain place for him and then perceive him only in accordance with him. And such a fate befalls entire groups of people, communities, associations, nations, countries.
Borders only in our consciousness, the world is much wider, deeper and more diverse than it seems.
Recall, for example, what associations appear when it comes to any religious group.What images arise in the head? Or about any national tradition or culture. What are their different representatives? For example, it is considered stereotypically that the Germans are strict and pedantic, the Italians are hot-tempered, the British are prim, the Japanese are restrained, etc. Men are ambitious leaders, women are passive and emotional. Young people are inexperienced and progressive, the older generation is wise and conservative.
Choosing one representative from each group, one could imagine a whole plot, where such characters would be interesting heroes. And if so,Does this mean that everything is only simplified to a level where everyone has their own role, and no more?
If someone takes only one place allotted to him, it means that all other qualities that could help to occupy another, are simplified or rejected.Stereotypes are the conscious ignoring of the diversity of the world for the sake of its perception convenience.
Each of us has a choice: to be open, to see the diversity of this world and people in it, or to treat selectively, thereby limiting and limiting, hanging labels without trying to grasp the essence.
How to expand your horizons and prevent the influence of stereotypes on the perception of the world?
At all points of the earth, different people love, feel and dream of a good future, even if they do not have all the words to express emotions, or culture does not allow (or allows more than everywhere) their manifestation. But this is a problem of attitudes in society, and not the people who make it up. ANDthe more puzzles appear in the picture of the world, the more integral it is, which means true. Experienced travelers cannot imagine the possibility of banishing a person based on his religion, nation or country of residence, they understand that this is at least ignorant, not to mention rudeness and lack of respect.
In an independent survey of 7292 people in 18 countries, more than half of the respondents noted that there would be less intolerance in the world if people traveled more often, and three-quarters said that travel changed their attitude towards disagreement and multi-ethnicity for the better.
2.Communication with different people.
It is not necessary to leave the country or even the city to have a true idea of the people around.For a start, it will be enough to expand the circle of communication, or better get acquainted with those whom we know already not the first day. A joint session or a heart-to-heart conversation over a cup of tea at the end of a difficult day will help to reveal inner qualities even better than a person would tell about himself. And then suddenly the strict boss will be a dreamer who is trying to do everything right, and the always displeased neighbor will be lonely and disappointed in life. In appearance, a strong man may need support, and an outwardly fragile woman to be impenetrable and purposeful.Watch more, listen more, understand more.
And now, finally, about themselves.If you look at yourself from the outside, for example, through the eyes of a foreigner or just a stranger, what impression would be created at first?What stereotypes, according to the rules of their formation, would fit perfectly into this subjective summary? “I come from there, and that means ... My childhood has passed like this and therefore I am ... My circle of people consists of such people and therefore I am ...” Or not? How many “accurate hits” would you get if you actually conduct such a test? It would be fair if ideas about ourselves were made only in this way, without trying to get to know each other better and get to know better?
Sometimes we ourselves are inclined to act only on the basis of who they are. Thus, a vicious circle is formed, thereby the reality begins to confirm the artificially created fantasies. Observations allow us to notice new things not only in people around, but also in ourselves. And the more, deeper, the more often we observe and delve in, discarding all false notions and expectations, the better the understanding opens - should they be consistent? “I am a man, therefore I must ...”, “I am a woman, therefore I must ...”Which strategy to choose is to simplify ourselves for the convenience of others, or to prove that the world in the face of those who inhabit it is able to surprise constantly and irrepressibly.