Conditioning systems. Split systems: how to choose?
Traditional air conditioners are being gradually replacedfrom the market more technologically advanced and user-friendly equipment. In private houses and apartments, it is increasingly possible to meet split-systems. Such equipment largely preserved the operating principles of old-style climate units, but thanks to some changes in the configuration of working elements, manufacturers achieved such advantages as low noise, compactness and ease of operation. But this is not all the advantages that modern air conditioning systems have. Split-systems of the latest generation actively absorb new technologies that allow improving both technical parameters and ergonomics.
What is the peculiarity of split systems?
The first representatives of the segment of air conditionerswere a monoblock design. Actually, a certain demand for such models is observed today. Their shortcomings include significant limitations in power, inconvenience when placed in a room and a high level of noise, since the main working nodes are located in the room, and not on the street. In turn, the split-air conditioning system provides for the separation of the structure into two units, one of which is brought out. For a bundle of components, special lines based on copper insulated pipes are used. In the provision of such interaction, one can not do without the formation of an appropriate hole in the wall. By the way, the need for shtrobleniya in the process of installation is the main drawback of such structures.
As for the indoor unit, it performsfunction of the evaporator and is installed indoors. It is due to the split device split-air conditioning system is characterized by compact dimensions of the main functional unit and its low noise.
Technical and operational parameters of choice
First of all, the power values,which an average of 500-600 watts. Further, it is important to pay attention to the performance indicators, which are expressed by the ability to cool: household models usually have this power within 2000-3000 W. In order not to be mistaken in the selection of equipment for these indicators, it is worthwhile to focus on the area served initially. Manufacturers, for example, can indicate the possibility of optimal operation in the premises up to 20, 30, 50 m2and more.The range of operating temperatures also matters. In the traditional version, the split-air conditioning system for the house is able to provide from 18 to 40 ° C. But it is important to take into account the possibility of working in two modes - heating and cooling.
Types of split systems
Select by installation type
Although the most widely used models,assuming a typical wall installation, in some cases it is advisable to use other configurations. For example, floor-ceiling structures have high performance and require more space for installation. Therefore, they are often installed directly on the ceiling. If you want to completely hide equipment from the eyes and save as much space as possible, the best solution will be a split-air conditioning system. How to choose a climate technique that requires minimum installation costs is one of the main issues of the modern consumer. In this case, it makes sense to turn to columnar technology. Such systems require a minimum of installation operations, although they take up more space in the room.
Multi-split air conditioning
In terms of installation and configuration of placementSplit systems have one important advantage. The fact is that one remote compressor unit is able to serve several evaporative segments at once. This is a multi-structure, involving maintenance of up to 8 internal components. And here it is important to consider the separation of such systems into fixed and typed systems. The first option involves the installation of a complete set with a certain number of internal segments-evaporators. The split split-air conditioning system, in turn, provides for the individual configuration of the outdoor unit with internal components. Such structures are usually used in country houses.
Additional functionality - what to consider?
Manufacturers of climate systems do notstop on the reached and regularly master new technological developments. In the latest versions of such equipment, you can find ionizers, multi-stage filters, as well as control systems with a wide range of capabilities. Timer, automatic adjustment of parameters, the presence of several operating modes - only the basic part of the electronic filling, which provides modern air conditioning. Split systems also develop in terms of communication capabilities. In particular, the developers of the latest versions supply them with wireless communication modules that allow controlling the microclimate via mobile devices.
The growing popularity of climate aggregatesThis type is due not only to the merits of the design, but also to the fact that there are no worthy competitors on the market. Monoblock plants are gradually disappearing from the manufacturers' lines, and the specialized technique for warming and humidifying loses by performance criteria. At the same time, there are disadvantages that modern air conditioning systems have. Split-systems, as already noted, require the performance of assembly activities that involve the creation of holes in the wall. In addition, the cost of such equipment, even in the middle segment, rarely drops below 30 thousand rubles. Of course, we are talking about technologically advanced models from well-known manufacturers.