What is folic acid?
Today we will talk about folic acid. What is this vitamin, what is its benefit and importance for the body; what is folic acid and what are the effects of folic acid deficiency in the body. We will also affect the importance of folic acid during pregnancy.
Folic acid: value
Many people know folic acid as Vitamin B9, which is water soluble. It is easily destroyed by exposure to light and heat treatment. Even the simple storage of foods containing folic acid leads to the gradual destruction of the vitamin.
Folic acid plays a special role in the growth and development of the immune and circulatory systems. Folic acid is involved in the creation and maintenance of new healthy cells, which is why this vitamin is so important for pregnant women, a sufficient amount of folic acid (especially before pregnancy) helps reduce the risks of developing any defects in the fetus. Read on how to take folic acid during pregnancy, you can in our article "How to drink folic acid during pregnancy?".
Folic acid (or vitamin B9) is involved in the formation of the fetal neural tube, which is why its role during pregnancy is so huge.
Bone marrow cells are constantly updated, they also need folic acid.
By the way, folic acid does not linger in the body, which is why it is necessary to replenish its reserves daily, especially for pregnant women. How to do it? In addition to additional vitamins, you can include in the diet foods containing folic acid. About this and talk.
Contains Folic Acid: Products
"Folium" is translated as "leaf", and folic acid is found in leafy vegetables and herbs: cabbage, green lettuce, parsley, mint, leaves of black currant and linden, nettle, and so on.
Folic acid is found in plant and animal products.
- Products of animal origin containing folic acid: liver (folic acid in it is most of all relative to other animal products), lamb, chicken, beef, cheese, salmon, tuna, egg yolk.
- Herbal products: bran, cereals, carrots and legumes, bananas, nuts, buckwheat and oatmeal, oranges, apricots, melons, dates and mushrooms, spinach, pumpkin.
In general, folic acid is more found in foods of plant origin.
Folic acid deficiency
The lack of this vitamin is very dangerous, especially during pregnancy.
In general, signs of deficiency will be:
- fast fatiguability;
- forgetfulness and distraction.
Here are just some of the symptoms that become more serious (up to the development of acute aggression, mania, etc.), if you do not solve the problem of deficiency.
Pregnant folic acid deficiency:
- From the mother: toxicosis, depression, the development of anemia, pain in the legs.
- On the part of the child (fetus): miscarriage, placental abruption, congenital malformations, stillbirth, defect or defect of the neural tube, brain edema, etc.