What is otitis media?
Most of us know firsthand how an ear hurts. Otitis is often the cause of severe throbbing pain, shooting through and discharge from the ear canal.
And what is otitis as a disease? What are its possible causes, symptoms and treatment? We will tell you about it.
Otitis: definition and types of disease
Otitis is an inflammatory process in various parts of the ear: external, middle and internal. This process is accompanied by fever (fever), pain and intoxication syndrome, and sometimes hearing impairment. Otitis can cause any person, regardless of age. But most often this disease occurs in children.
Depending on in which part of the ear inflammation is localized, there are the following types of otitis:
Another name for internal otitis media is labyrinthitis. The most common type of otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear.
Possible causes of the disease
Inflammation of the outer ear can occur due to penetration of the infection through skin lesions and microtraumas that appear after injuries and burns of the auricle or, for example, after frostbite.The cause of external otitis can also be diabetes, hypovitaminosis and other metabolic disorders in the body.
Symptoms of otitis externa:
- pain when touched the auricle;
- pain and itching inside the ear;
- discharge with putrid odor and ear canal;
Otitis media is the result of nasopharyngeal infectious diseases, when the pathogen enters the auditory tube into the middle ear. This type of otitis is most often caused by viruses and bacteria (influenza virus, pneumococcus, etc.). Chronic nasopharyngeal diseases such as sinusitis, tonsillitis, adenoids also contribute to the inflammation of the middle ear. Another possible cause of otitis media is damage to the eardrum.
Symptoms of otitis media:
- throbbing and shooting pains in the ear;
- high body temperature (fever);
- headache and weakness;
- loss of appetite and body aches;
- signs of respiratory infection: runny nose, cough, sore throat.
Internal otitis, as a rule, is a complication of the two previous types of this disease, when the infection falls and is localized in the inner ear. Other possible complications of otitis:
- perforation of the eardrum;
- hearing impairment;
Otitis treatment should begin only after an accurate diagnosis of the disease. It is possible to treat the inflammation of the outer and middle ear on an outpatient basis (according to otolaryngologist's appointments), while the labyrinthitis is best treated in stationary conditions. Hospitalization subject to patients with severe otitis media, as well as the threat of complications. Children (especially babies!) Are subject to mandatory hospitalization for any degree of otitis media.
To prevent otitis media, you must comply with the following conditions:
- avoid hypothermia;
- avoid contact with patients with SARS;
- timely treat chronic infections;
- time to seek medical help.