What language is spoken in Austria? Literary variant, dialects
The attitude to dialects in Europe is cardinallydiffers from the Russian. If the dialect for the native inhabitant, most likely, will be a sign of illiteracy and a low level of education, then in Western Europe, especially in Austria, residents are proud of their local dialect. For example, in Germany, those politicians who own a local dialect will always have an advantage over those who own only literary German.
Literary language versus dialect
Austria historically played a role for a long timethe capital of all German lands. Therefore, many now are interested in the question of what language they speak in Austria. The official languages here are German, Hungarian and Slovenian. But at any serious events, literary German, called Hochdeutsch, will always be used. However, this has nothing to do with the disparagement of dialects. Rather, broadcasting in literary language is to ensure that the information has been understood by as many listeners as possible.
Literary German is used in allofficial institutions - in schools and universities. It prints books and newspapers. However, in ordinary life "high" German is used only by guests of the country. Local people communicate with each other using dialect. Someone who wants to understand what language they speak in Austria, some everyday situations can lead to bewilderment. For example, a teacher at an educational institution can conduct a lecture in an understandable literary language. And after the class, turn to your friend in a dialect from which the foreigner can not understand anything.
Which German dialect is closer to Austrian?
Even the dialects of Austria and Germany differbetween themselves. It is said that the inhabitants of the northern and southern regions of Germany are unlikely to be able to explain themselves. Both spoken and generally accepted official languages in Austria are closer to the Bavarian German dialect, as well as to the Swiss German, than to the worldwide accepted Hochdeutsch. One of the first researchers, who in the XVIII century began to study the differences in numerous German dialects, was Johann Popovic.
What language is spoken in Austria: differences from German
From the official German language, the AustrianGerman differs in all respects. These are differences in grammar, and features of pronunciation, and vocabulary. At the end of the XIX century, the famous linguist and philologist Konrad Duden released "Full spelling dictionary of the German language." His goal was to unify and standardize German spelling. Those rules, which the philologist developed, became the basis of the official German. However, they were not extended to the Austrian version. Thus, in Austria, German has its own characteristics.
Which version is more melodic?
The Austrians believe that their German is muchmelodic and more pleasant for perception than German in Germany. Of course, the Germans are convinced of the opposite. However, it is possible that there is some truth in the Austrians' conviction: in Austria, the mitigating suffix -l is very often used. He turns dry German words, such as Pfand or Packung, into Pfandel and Packerl.
Every tourist is interested in what language they speak in Austria. Vienna, Linz, Salzburg, Baden - in these cities and in many others most signage, announcements and stop names are made in German.
However, in places where tourists, largeshopping centers and hotels there are always leaflets and guidebooks with the English version. Many residents of Austria also speak English and are always ready to help a stray tourist. ATMs and devices for selling railway tickets also switch from German to English throughout Austria. In any Austrian museum there is a variant of English audio accompaniment, and in the largest - even audio guides in Russian.
Languages of national minorities in Austria
Even neighboring Germans may not bewhat language do they speak in Austria. Tyrol, for example, as well as Vorarlberg - a province in which they communicate in Swabian dialect of German. And in most other lands they speak South Bavarian dialects. Of great importance are the languages of ethnic minorities, who live mainly near the borders of the state. They are Slovenes, Croats and Hungarians.
The native language of each of these peoples in its own wayinfluences the language in which they speak in Austria. In these regions, teaching in schools is conducted in two languages. It concerns both newspapers and official signage. For example, in Styria and Carinthia such additional languages are Slovene and Croatian. Local dialects slowly but inevitably affect the Austrian version of German.
The question, in what language are spoken in Austria and inAustralia, hardly anyone can cause difficulties. After all, Australia - is the mainland, located thousands of miles from the German-speaking countries. The main language of Australia is the Australian version of English.