Where is the Caucasus?
On the map
Anyone who rested in the best and most accessible mountains can easily tell where the Caucasus is. And those who studied well at school and have not yet forgotten geography will cope with this issue.
The borders of the Caucasus
First of all, we recall that the Caucasus is for the most part a mountainous country, lying south of the East European Plain, on the border between Asia and Europe. The western border of the Caucasus runs along the Black Sea coast, the eastern border along the Caspian coast. From the north, the Caucasus is delineated by the Kuma-Manych depression, the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait, and in the south its border coincides with the former state border of the Soviet Union.
Nine states are located partially or fully in the Caucasus: Russia, Ossetia, Abkhazia, Cherkessia, Ingushetia and Chechnya are located in Europe, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia in Asia. Whether to consider the eastern regions of Turkey as belonging to the Caucasus is a moot point, but the reasons for this opinion are quite weighty.
According to the geological structure, the Caucasus is divided into four zones:
- Ciscaucasian plain: a wide strip from the Caspian Sea to Azov.
- The mountain system, which includes the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range and the entire North Caucasus.
- Transcaucasia, consisting of two lowlands - Colchis and Kura-Arakinskoye. This part of the territory is designated by geographers as the Transcaucasian Depression. It is the lowest in the system.
- Transcaucasian Highlands - in contrast to the depression, the high-altitude part of the territory. It includes the mountains of the so-called Lesser Caucasus and the northeast of the Armenian Highland - South Caucasus.